A Series of West Javanese Traditional Ceremonies from Religion to Birth
West Java is a region that stores indigenous wealth. One of them is the West Javanese traditional ceremony. The traditional ceremonies that the state has are very diverse. Starting from religion, agriculture, birth and others. Cultural heritage continues to be protected by society to this day.
As a resident of West Java, it is a must to participate in the preservation of traditional ceremonies. However, for the people of other provinces, studying the cultural heritage of West Java is a form of love for the motherland. The cultural heritage can also be used as an educational tourist destination.
Cultural tourism not only educates the Indonesian people, but can also attract foreign tourists. Thanks to tourism, culture can be introduced to everyone in the world. It is expected that the traditional ceremony will be known to the wider community and thus its preservation will be maintained.
West Java Traditional Ceremony BertEma Religi
The number one traditional ceremony with religious elements is shura porridge. This activity has nothing to do with Ashura Day, which is often referred to as the day of death of Hussein, one of the Islamic figures. the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad SAW, died in an incident in Karbala.
It was the Cilacap community of residents who organized the traditional ceremony of West Java with religious nuances. The Islam tradition is often associated with one of the Prophets, Noah . In addition, it is also linked to Nyai Pohaci Sanghyang Sri , the Goddess of Fertility in the Javanese faith.
The tradition is kept outside the home of one of the members of the community m enyelakannya. Pelaksanaannya can also be found on the edge of a river, field or certain place that residents want. These activities include many integrities, from offerings, art, sacred objects to the means of making porridge.
The next religious-themed Javanese traditional ceremony is the ngalungsur pusaka. The religious ceremony led by the Juru kunci is more commonly called kuncen. In this tradition, objects of the heritage of the Holy Presenter Rohmat were also introduced . The object continues to be protected by local residents .
In the series of ceremonial processes, participants can see the process of washing heirloom objects. Participants can get to know what and what the Sunan Rohmat Suci heritage looks like in their area . These heirloom objects are a symbol of Sunan Rohmat Kudus’ struggle to spread Islam.
Hajj in the Context of West Java Traditional Ceremonies
The first traditional pilgrimage-shaped ceremony is the rebo wekasan. The pilgrimage was usually organized by residents around the Drajat River in Cirebon. The mode of activity is to visit the tomb of Sunan Kalijaga. The time of application is Wednesday, exactly the last week of the month of Shafar according to the Hijri calendar.
The elections held on Wednesday in the last week of the month of Shafar have a certain meaning. The choice was based on the idea that it was the best day to eliminate bad luck. The power that accompanies Rebo wekasan is also a rowing race. Usually the competition is held after the traditional ceremony is over.
The next pilgrimage-themedJavanese traditional ceremony is ngunjung or munjung. The name of this tradition is the origin of the word kunjung, which was to go on pilgrimage and pray at the resting place of the ancestors . This tradition symbolizes the gratitude of the inhabitants for the favors received so far.
Indrama, residents of Cirebon and its surroundings often keep these traditions in the graves of ancestors and religious figures who are respected or considered sacred. The purpose of tradition, of course, is to demand the salvation of life. The Thanksgiving tradition is usually done after the rice harvest.
In this tradition, regional arts are accompanied by wayang kulit performances and sketches. In addition, the community also offers a variety of specialty dishes, such as tumpeng rice and, as recommended, other types of traditional cuisine.
A Form of Gratitude for God’s Mercy Through West Java Traditional Ceremonies
In addition to religious themes , there are also various traditional ceremonies held as a form of gratitude for the abundance of grace in subsistence from nature . There are various community businesses that make a living in nature, from farming to sailing. The community then ran a tradition to thank nature .
The first traditional ceremony of the theme was the sea feast. The place of tradition is in Pangandaran Ciamis and Pelabuhan Ratu, Sukabumi. It is also carried out in various coastal regions of West Java. Fishermen carrying votive offerings in the mat aksanaanniya used to dip rcantik with various decorations before.
One of the offerings in the tradition is a buffalo head wrapped in a white cloth. This offer was submerged in the sea as a symbol of offering to the guardians of the sea and rejecting the hosts. Tradition is held every year as a form of gratitude and hope of salvation in search of sustenance at sea .
The traditional ceremony of West Java is ngalaksa as a form of gratitude for the next good of the creator. Unlike sea parties, which are usually held by fishermen, ngalaksa is organized by farmers. This tradition is often carried out by residents of Ranca Kalong district, Sumedang.
The process of applying ngalaksa is to transport the rice to the granary using rengkong (long bamboo with holes usually used to transport rice ). The event is in June. An interesting point of the tradition is the sound of rengkong music swinging while walking.
Ngalaksa means the expression of residents of the syukur for the success of the harvest when farming. Society never forgets God’s role in life’s success. After obtaining favors during harvesting, the community always performs ngalaksa as a form of gratitude to the creator.
A Dat Ceremony West Java Wedding Tradition Until Pregnancy
West Java has many traditional ceremonies. In fact, there is not only 1 ceremony in weddings. Among the ceremonies at the wedding is the neundeun speech. The tradition is to convey the intention of male parents to visit and practice to female parents in the context of friendship.
After that, ngalamar was carried out, a tradition in the form of visits of male parents to ask for the female. In tradition, wedding plans of the bride and groom were designed. Later, a ceremony was also held, which was the process of sending the groom-to-be to the woman’s parents to get married.
After a partner experiences a period of gestation, a tingkepan is performed. The tradition is carried out after the wife has been pregnant with her child for 7 months . From the word Tingkep, Tingkepan has a closed meaning. The thing is that the future mother is forbidden to interfere with her husband within 40 days after birth.
The traditional West Java tingkepan ceremony is usually filled with the reading and bathing of the pregnant mother. In this tradition, rujak kanistren, a rojak consisting of 7 types or types, is also offered. The mother will be bathed by the 7 closest family members by pouring seven flower juices.
- In the wash, an eel is placed until it touches the mother’s belly. Tradition is aimed at hoping for the safety of the baby in the womb. It is also a question of protecting the health of the mother by reducing part of the work, since the pregnancy period is large.
West Java has several traditions that continue to be maintained and maintained by the local community . Almost every aspect of life is associated with traditions, from marriage, pregnancy, trying to make a living, to going on pilgrimage to honor ancestors. Shura porridge, rebo wekasan and sea feasts are some examples of West Javanese traditional upacara.